Technical papers

Ammsa Technical Paper Guideline
Author: Association of Mine Managers of South Africa
Ammsa Technical Note Guideline
Author: Association of Mine Managers of South Africa
Archived publications – The Virtual Mine Museum


Safety First – Remote rehabilitation of underground excavations

Author: George van Greunen & Jimmy Goosen


Sublevel Open Stoping at Depth on Target Mine
Author: PJ Le Roux
Booysendal Central Merensky 1 Final Version Document
Author: J Munnik & D Saayman


History of Geological Endeavours along the Eastern Lobe of the Bushveld Complex
Author: P J Grabe (Terra-Search Geological Consultants (Pty) Ltd)
Mechanised On Reef Raising At Free Gold’s Bambanani Mine
Author: MR Mortlock (Mine Manager, Free Gold – Bambanani Mine)
Method of Developing and Equipping a 21st Century Haulage at Depth
Author: JD Spies (General Manager, Moab Khotsong Mine) & A Blom (Section Manager, Moab Khotsong Mine)
Primary development using hydropowered drilling and watergel explosives at a South African gold mine
Author: J Booysen (Section Manager, Kopanang Mine); FJ Fourie (General Manager Kopanang Mine)
Productivity Improvements in Tunnel Development, Using Drill Rigs and Shocktube Initiation Systems, at Bafokeng Rasimone Platinum Mine
Author: M Stander (Anglo Platinum (Pty) Limited, Bafokeng Rasimone Platinum Mine)

ECSA registration

ECSA registration

Energy Management

Development and implementation of an electrically-powered stope rockdrill for Tau Tona Mine
Author: Danie De Klerk Section Manager
The Development and Implementation of a Remote Energy Management System for Pumping at Kopanang Mine
Author: Prof E Mathews (University of Potchefstroom); R Webber (University of Pretoria); D Claassen (HVAC International); C Swart (HVAC International)
The Development of Beatrix 3 Shaft and its Hydropower
Author: DG Thompson & D Holm (Beatrix Mine Pty)
The Development of Hydropower at Beatrix 3 Shaft
Author: DG Thompson & BO Carpentier Alting (Beatrix Mine Pty)


Development and implementation of the self-directed work team concept at Kopanang Mine
Author: FJ Fourie (General Manager, Kopanang Mine)
Role of Finance in the New Millennium
Author: J Van Der Westhuizen (Manager: Finance & Info Anglo Platinum Rustenburg Section)
South Deep Care Project – Technical Overview, March 2003
Author: Piet Kolbe
The Process to African Rainbow Minerals
Author: PW Steenkamp

Mineral Economy

Mine Call Factor. Unaccounted for Gold, was it there in the first instance?
Author: Dr E J DE Jager (Business Manager: Free State, Anglogold)
Mineral Resource Management and Economic Value Added
Author: S Macfarlane (University of the Witwatersrand)
Quantification of PGM Enrichment
Author: Karel Benjamin de Lange (Production manager, DRDGOLD)
The Bore Hole Radar Trials at Rustenburg Section
Author: Luke Zindi (B Sc Mining Engineering (ACSM), MBL (UNISA SBL))

Mining Methods

PMC Lift II Mining Project Overview
Author: MP Maloma (Horizontal Development Superintendent – Palabora Mining Company)
Change from Board and Pillar T/Cut to Dip Pillar Mechanised Mining – Improving Grade and Profitability
Author: Leon Du Preez (Business Area Manager – Rustenburg Platinum Mines Ltd, Frank Shaft)
Mechanised Mining at a Semi Steep dip
Author: Thomas van den Berg – BAM Amandelbult Anglo Platinum
Mechanised Mining at Semi Steep Dip presentation
Author: Thomas van den Berg BAM Amandelbult Anglo Platinum
Optimisation of Blasting in Narrow Reefs Mines in SA presentation
Author: FJ Fourie & T Zaniewski
Optimization of blasting in narrow reef mines in South Africa
Author: FJ Fourie & T Zaniewski & M Cross
Reef Adjacent to structures at TauTona Mine Anglogold Ashanti
Author: DE Davies Section Manager

Ore Handling

Mechanizing Narrow, Tabular Reefs in the Platinum Industry
Author: Mark Sean Farren (Mine Manager – Bafokeng Rasimone Platinum Mine)
Prerequisites for safe and effective underground railbound transport
Author: FJ Fourie GM and R Meyer SEng Kopanang Mine
Pre-requisites for safe and effective underground railbound transport
Author: FJ Fourie General Manager and R Meyer Section Engineer both of Kopanang Mine
The Application of New Technology Trains
Author: NCD Trevarthen (General Manager, Great Noligwa Mine)


Strategic and Tactical Requirements of a Mining Long-term PlanFIX LINK
Author: BJ Kloppers (Manager Economic Modelling & Analysis, Lonmin Central), CJ Horn (Principal Mining Engineer, Lonmin Central) and JVZ Visser (Head of Technical Services, Lonmin Central)


Lateral Thinking and Teamwork, What is has done for Randfontein Estates Ltd
Author: RA Galloway (Mine Manager – Randfontein Estates Limited)

Rock Engineering

Negotiating Complex Geological Structures by Applying New Mining Strategies
Author: X Qamata (Mine Manager: Millsell & Waterkloof Mines); CJ Steenkamp (MRM Manager: Western Chrome Mines)
Aspects of the Seismic Response to Shaft Pillar Mining – Case Studies in the Welkom Gold Field
Author: Dr G Van Aswegen
Design of a Pillar Support System for use with Mechanised Mining at depth in the Bushveld
Author: LA Jagger (General Manager: Projects & Growth, Impala Platinum Limited); LJ Gardner (Rock Engineering Officer: Projects, Impala Platinum Limited)
Flexural Slip Thrust Faulting within the Bushveld Igneous Complex as a result of the Formation of the Complex and the effect on the Rock Engineering Fraternity
Author: PM Couto (Senior Rock Engineer, Northam Booysendal Platinum) and W Theron (Mine Manager, Northam Booysendal Platinum)
Implementation of in-stope Roof Bolting at Elandsrand Gold Mine
Author: BB NEL (Mining Manager, Harmony – Elandsrand Gold Mine)
Ore Pass Rehabilitation – Case Studies from Impala Platinum Limited
Author: LA Jagger (General Manager: Projects & Growth, Impala Platinum Limited); LJ Gardner (Rock Engineering Officer: Projects, Impala Platinum Limited)
Pre–Conditioning A Tool To Combat Face Bursts At Mponeng
Author: JL Viljoen (General Manager – Mponeng Mine)
Pre-Extraction of a Shaft Pillar on Western Areas Gold Mining Co
Author: BR Smit; JV James; PJ DE Wet; K Van Olden
Preparation for Mining the No 2A Sub-Shaft Pillar at the Hartebeestfontein Division of Avgold
Author: I N Sinclair (Manager: Production South); J D Bosman (Rock Mechanics Engineer: Hartebeestfontein Division of Avgold)
Review of the In-Stope Pillar Cutting Support System at Merriespruit 3 Shaft
Author: J Lucas (Rock Engineer, Brentley, Lucas & Associates); C Van der Nest (Rock Engineer, Brentley, Lucas & Associates); R Human (Rock Engineer, Brentley, Lucas & Associates)
Shaft lining design and monitoring of the South Deep Twin Shaft System, Placer Dome Western Areas Joint Venture
Author: SZ Pethö (Rock Engineering Department, Placer Dome Western Areas Joint Venture)
Stick and pillar support on Union Section -RPM
Author: C.W. Korf – Manager Mining Union Section.pdf
Stope Panel Rating System
Author: N Nicolau (General Manager: Great Noligwa Mine, Anglogold Limited)
The Use of Ground Penetrating Radar to Delineate Adverse Geological Structures at Samancor – Western Chrome Mines
Author: Author: Michael Treloar (Rock Engineer – Samancor Chrome Mines)


A review of the safety successes at Wessels Mine
Author: J Cronje & J Rajan
Fatigue Knowledge – A Safety Management Imperative
Author: WJ Theron (General Manager, Northam Platinum Limited Booysendal Division)


A Contrivance for expediting the placing of concrete in a vertical shaft collar 1935
Author: Mr W Allen Manager Venterspost Gold Mining Co Ltd
Concrete Lined Incline shafts 20th September 1935
Author: Mr HW Unwin Manager Southern Section Crown Mines Ltd
Construction of a Concrete Plug in the South Deep Main Shaft to seal off a major water intersection
Author: MF Wells (Business Unit Manager, Cementation Mining)
Extraction of 5 West Sub Vertical Shaft Pillar – the Final Stages
Author: A W Stillwell (West Driefontein Mine)
Headgear Upgrade over an Operating Shaft
Author: P Coetzee (Project Manager: Impala No. 11 Shaft); P F O Toole (Project Engineer: Impala No. 11 Shaft); M Meintjes (Project Manager: Hatch Africa (Pty) Ltd)
Large Diameter Vertical Raise Drilliing and Shaft Boring Techniques as an Alternative to Conventional Vertical Shaft Sinking Techniques
Author: PH Ferreira (Manager Marketing & Business Development, Murray & Roberts Ruc Limited)
Material Incline Winder Evander No 7 Shaft
Author: NT Mayer (Engineering Manager);
Notes on Cementation at Vogelstruisbult Gold Mining Areas Ltd 25th January 1935
Author: Mr KJ MacWilliam Manager Venterspost Gold Mining Company Ltd
Notes on Sinking a rectangular shaft through wet clay at Welgedacht Exploration Co Ltd
Author: Mr A Savile Davis Manager Welgedacht Exploration Company Ltd
Notes on the opening up and retimbering of No 3 vertical shaft Geldenhuis Deep Limited 22nd September 1933
Author: Mr T McAlpine Manager Geldenhuis Deep Ltd
Notes on the running and maintenance of deep level vertical shafts at Randfontein Estates 21st April 1933
Author: Mr W Drake South Vertical Section REGM Co Witwatersrand Ltd
Reguiding No 6 and 7 Compartments of No 5 shaft Crown Mines Ltd with 30ft steel runners 19th May 1933
Author: Mr D MacNiven Acting Manager Eastern Section No 5 shaft Crown Mines Ltd
Reinforced Concrete Support of the walls of the Main ore bin at No 3 south west shaft Government Areas 23rd October 1936
Author: Mr VA Troye Manager SW Section Government Gold Mining Areas Modderfontein Consolidated Ltd
Shaft Pillar Extraction as Experienced at Western Holdings Mine
Author: DV Steyn (Assistant Mine Manager: Western Holdings Mine)
Shaft Steelwork Modifications for the Mining of the No 2A Sub-Shaft Pillar
Author: J J Van Der Westhuizen (Section Engineer: Hartebeesfontein Division of Avgold)
Sinking and Equipping No 16a Shaft at Crown Mines
Author: Mr AJ Walton General Manager Crown Mines Ltd
Sinking and Equipping the No 16 Shaft at Crown Mines 19th June 1931
Author: Mr AJ Walton General Manager Crown Mines Ltd
Sinking Contractor’s Close Out Presentation On Completion Of South Deep Shafts
Author: Alastair Douglas (Executive Director – Murray and Roberts Cementation); Kelvin Mcleod (Media Consultant – Interactive Info)
Sinking the South Shaft West Rand Consolidated Mines Limited 21st April 1933
Author: Mr CS McLean Manager West Rand Cons
Some Notes on Sinking Vlakfontein No 1 Shaft
Author: Mr RR Vail Vlakfontein Gold Mining Company Ltd
South Deep – The Challenges
Author: M Bevan (Director Marketing [Retired] – Cementation Mining Skanska [Pty] Ltd)
Strata Movement Encountered during shaft sinking at 17a shaft Crown Mines limited 19th January 1934
Author: Mr W Reid Manager Southern Section Crown Mines ltd
The Implementation of Two Major Vertical Shaft Projects
Author: L A Jagger (General Manager: Projects, Impala Platinum Ltd)
The Rehabilitation of Eland Shaft after an Earthquake
Author: SPH Kruger (Section Manager, Matjhabeng Mine)


An Application of High Mass Fraction Tubular Ice in the Design and Development of Cooling Systems for Mining at Depth
Author: BB Nel (Regional General Manager – SA Operations, Harmony Gold Mining Company Ltd), FW van Zyl (Electrical Engineer, Harmony Gold Mining Company Ltd) and AP Jordaan (Senior Engineering Manager, Harmony Gold Mining Company Ltd)
Optimising Ventilation and Cooling Systems for an Operating Mine using Network Simulation Models
Author: Prof JJL Du Plessis (Extraordinary Professor University of Pretoria; Honorary Associate Professor University of the Witwatersrand, Gold Fields Mining Services); D Hoffman (Senior Ventilation Consultant, BBE Consulting); WM Marx (Managing Director, BBE Consulting); R van der Westhuizen (Engineer, BBE Consulting)
Ventilation and Refrigeration Project for the Deepened Section of Turffontein Shaft
Author: H J Swanepoel (Mine Manager East); W Calitz (Section Manager: Turffontein Shaft); G D Enright (Manager Ventilation)